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HVAC Technician

HVAC Technicians


Training and Education

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What's Needed:

  • Certificates and associate degree programs from community colleges and technical schools can be valuable in gaining employment.
  • Many employers prefer candidates with a certificate or degree or that are from a formal apprenticeship.
  • Many of the programs provide traditional classroom learning and computer-simulated and hands-on practical learning.
  • HVAC training programs take from six months to two years to complete.

HVAC apprentice programs typically last from three to five years. Apprenticeship programs are often operated by joint committees representing local chapters of various organizations.

What you study:

  • Automated HVAC controls
  • Motors and motor controls
  • HVAC system maintenance
  • Cold water air conditioners and domestic appliances
  • Electricity basics
  • Installation of HVAC systems
  • Air quality problem solving
  • Industrial and commercial refrigeration systems

What courses you'll take

Below are examples of courses that you'll likely take as an HVAC certificate or degree student.

Course Studies Purpose
Fundamentals of Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Theory and applications of air conditioning and refrigeration, including thermodynamic cycles, devices, accessories, and refrigerants. Give the core knowledge needed for more advanced studies and AC troubleshooting.
Air Conditioning and Refrigeration II Covers advanced topics related to commercial systems, including heat load calculations, installation, low temperature systems, and multiple system installations. Prepare students for working on the more complex HVAC systems typical to commercial applications.
Fundamentals of Controls Basics of how electrical controls work as a system and as individual components. Teaches skills for using test meters, ladder diagrams, wiring diagrams,and thermostats. More advanced topics review both pneumatic and electronic controls and their servicing and maintenance. Provide underlying knowledge for installing and servicing a variety of HVAC control systems.
Basics of Heating Systems Introduces principles of heating technologies and appliances, including for forced-air fuel gas, oil, electrical, heat pumps, and combustion processes. Reviews both residential and commercial applications. Codes and venting and piping practices are covered. Foundation knowledge for more advanced heating systems studies and labs.
Heating Systems II More advanced topics studied include humidifiers, air cleaners, oil tanks, and testing. Ready students to undertake installation, servicing, and troubleshooting of a variety of heating systems.
Steam and Hot Water Systems Reviews hot water and steam systems typical in residential and commercial installations, including boilers, pipes, circulators, heat exchangers, traps, and controls. Get students ready to install and maintain steam and hot water systems.
Duct Layout and Fabrication Basics of sheet metal layout and fabrication as applied to HVAC duct work. Ready students to install and repair HVAC duct work.

Video Overview

A quick intro of the work of HVAC techs. Created for the US Dept. of Labor.


Certifications and Licensing

In some states and localities HVAC technicians must be licensed. Also, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency requires all technicians who purchase or work with refrigerants to be certified in proper refrigerant handling. Numerous trade schools, employer associations and unions provide training programs designed for the EPA exam.

HVAC technicians who complete relevant coursework and have less than two years of experience are eligible to take "entry-level" certification exams. Those with at least one year of installation experience and two years of maintenance and repair experience can take specialized exams.

Numerous organizations provide certification exams which can be taken at technical schools. Certifications show a technician has specific competencies. Some employers look for industry-certified HVACR technicians.


Job Flexibility

Full-time versus part-time: HVACR technicians typically work 40 hours per week and may occasionally work evening or weekend shifts. During peak seasons they may work overtime and irregular hours. Only about four percent of the technicians work less than full-time. Some HVAC technicians are self-employed.

Work location: Depending on the company they work for, HVAC technicians they may work in homes, offices, schools, hospitals, stores, factories, shopping malls and other locations. They often travel to several locations during a day making service calls. HVAC technicians typically work indoors but sometimes they may work outdoors on heat pumps and other type of equipment.


Recommended Websites

  • The Air-conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) provides certification programs along with useful information about the programs. The General Operations Manual for AHRI Certification Programs covers the procedures and policies common to all AHRI Product Performance Certification Programs. Product specific operations manuals are available for every certification program. The website also provides a variety of useful resources.
  • Air Conditioning Contractors of America provides information about education events and online learning. The website also provides information about certification programs and apprenticeship programs.
  • HVAC Excellence a not-for-profit organization improves competency through validation of the technical education process. HVAC Excellence sets standards and insures they've been met. HVAC Excellence Programs discover areas of weakness in education. The organization also helps employers hire competent technicians. HVAC Excellence also provides two technician certifications.
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook -- Produced by the US Department of Labor, this article on HVAC tech careers is comprehensive with various statistics and text-book like descriptions.

Salaries by City

See typical salaries and ranges for this career below*. Shift click to sort by more than one column -- for example first shift-click on state and then shift-click on salary to find best and worst salaries in each state.

StateCity / RegionTypical SalarySalary RangeJob Count% of All Jobs
AKAnchorage$57,290$44K - $71K1600.09%
AKFairbanks$60,100$42K - $82K1100.32%
ALAnniston - Oxford$38,210$27K - $59K1500.33%
ALAuburn - Opelika$35,500$29K - $47K1300.27%
ALBirmingham - Hoover$39,360$27K - $57K1,4600.30%
ALDecatur$40,680$26K - $56K2200.43%
ALDothan$32,850$23K - $39K1600.29%
ALFlorence - Muscle Shoals$50,570$27K - $58K1500.29%
ALGadsden$32,870$25K - $44K500.14%
ALHuntsville$38,920$26K - $53K3300.16%
ALMobile$36,280$25K - $54K7100.42%
ALMontgomery$42,720$32K - $56K3100.20%
ALTuscaloosa$33,260$26K - $49K1700.18%
ARFayetteville - Springdale - Rogers$43,940$30K - $62K3600.18%
ARFort Smith$31,510$20K - $48K1900.17%
ARHot Springs$35,670$25K - $47K400.11%
ARJonesboro$29,550$17K - $57K700.14%
ARLittle Rock - North Little Rock - Conway$36,060$31K - $48K8800.27%
ARPine Bluff$35,250$27K - $50K500.15%
AZFlagstaff$42,860$32K - $57K400.06%
AZLake Havasu City $ Kingman$43,450$18K - $69K800.18%
AZPhoenix - Mesa - Glendale$52,460$33K - $71K3,4600.20%
AZPrescott$39,570$31K - $62K2200.41%
AZTucson$41,700$29K - $58K8900.25%
AZYuma$39,630$23K - $56K1400.26%
CABakersfield - Delano$55,460$35K - $74K1900.07%
CAChico$51,450$30K - $69K600.08%
CAEl Centro$46,430$32K - $79K500.10%
CAFresno$37,400$26K - $60K7100.23%
CAHanford - Corcoran$42,810$31K - $55K400.12%
CALos Angeles - Long Beach - Glendale (Metro Area)$53,030$32K - $76K3,8000.10%
CAMadera - Chowchilla$43,720$31K - $70K400.10%
CAMerced$35,940$25K - $59K600.10%
CAModesto$40,260$33K - $69K3300.22%
CAOakland - Fremont - Hayward (Metro Area)$62,870$37K - $93K1,4100.15%
CAOxnard - Thousand Oaks - Ventura$37,750$30K - $59K5100.18%
CARedding$35,060$26K - $51K1300.23%
CARiverside - San Bernardino - Ontario$50,800$32K - $69K2,1600.19%
CASacramento - Arden - Arcade - Roseville$45,540$33K - $62K1,4100.17%
CASalinas$42,880$26K - $73K700.05%
CASan Diego - Carlsbad - San Marcos$52,520$36K - $70K1,3500.11%
CASan Francisco - San Mateo - Redwood City (Metro Area)$53,220$25K - $80KN/AN/A
CASan Jose - Sunnyvale - Santa Clara$58,440$29K - $103K1,2200.14%
CASanta Ana - Anaheim - Irvine (Metro Area)$48,350$32K - $73K2,0000.14%
CASanta Barbara - Santa Maria - Goleta$68,180$45K - $92K900.05%
CASanta Cruz - Watsonville$41,940$28K - $84K1700.20%
CASanta Rosa - Petaluma$48,760$35K - $72K4300.25%
CAStockton$57,950$43K - $107K2800.14%
CAVallejo - Fairfield$48,820$33K - $105K3100.26%
CAVisalia - Porterville$43,460$28K - $66K2900.22%
CAYuba City$48,560$33K - $61K500.15%
COBoulder$53,950$40K - $73K1800.11%
COColorado Springs$50,020$33K - $71K3500.15%
CODenver - Aurora - Broomfield$45,720$31K - $62K1,9300.16%
COFort Collins - Loveland$43,260$32K - $57KN/AN/A
COGrand Junction$49,480$32K - $59K1700.30%
COGreeley$45,370$30K - $72K1000.13%
COPueblo$43,010$28K - $57K600.12%
CTBridgeport - Stamford - Norwalk$56,120$36K - $77K8100.20%
CTDanbury$54,910$36K - $72K1600.24%
CTHartford - West Hartford - East Hartford$54,270$37K - $74K1,3000.24%
CTNew Haven$59,050$40K - $89K4500.16%
CTNorwich - New London$46,480$27K - $67K2300.18%
CTWaterbury$52,270$40K - $68K1000.16%
DCWashington - Arlington - Alexandria (Metro Area)$54,610$32K - $76K4,2400.18%
DEDover$45,850$34K - $70K1100.18%
DEWilmington (Metro Area)$51,700$35K - $71K8900.28%
FLCape Coral - Fort Myers$41,180$28K - $60K1,1600.57%
FLCrestview - Fort Walton Beach - Destin$33,390$22K - $56K4100.56%
FLDeltona - Daytona Beach - Ormond Beach$37,630$26K - $71K1,1100.73%
FLFort Lauderdale - Pompano Beach - Deerfield Beach (Metro Area)$49,230$33K - $72K2,2100.31%
FLGainesville$35,280$27K - $50K2900.24%
FLJacksonville$38,210$27K - $57K1,5100.26%
FLLakeland - Winter Haven$32,050$19K - $45K6000.32%
FLMiami - Miami Beach - Kendall (Metro Area)$35,170$26K - $61K1,7800.18%
FLNaples - Marco Island$41,460$30K - $56K3300.29%
FLNorth Port - Bradenton - Sarasota$43,170$30K - $65K7500.31%
FLOcala$33,290$18K - $45K3000.34%
FLOrlando - Kissimmee - Sanford$41,150$28K - $57K2,0300.20%
FLPalm Bay - Melbourne - Titusville$40,150$29K - $56K4200.22%
FLPalm Coast$33,750$25K - $39K700.36%
FLPanama City - Lynn Haven - Panama City Beach$32,560$25K - $44K3500.51%
FLPensacola - Ferry Pass - Brent$31,880$22K - $50K7200.48%
FLPort St. Lucie$37,050$24K - $54K3600.30%
FLPunta Gorda$33,290$22K - $45KN/AN/A
FLSebastian - Vero Beach$39,800$26K - $49K1700.39%
FLTallahassee$35,240$23K - $60K4200.27%
FLTampa - St. Petersburg - Clearwater$35,690$27K - $54K3,2400.29%
FLWest Palm Beach - Boca Raton - Boynton Beach (Metro Area)$45,850$33K - $60K1,0700.21%
GAAlbany$37,030$29K - $52K1300.23%
GAAthens - Clarke County$23,680$16K - $48KN/AN/A
GAAtlanta - Sandy Springs - Marietta$43,250$27K - $66K4,7200.21%
GAAugusta - Richmond County$34,920$25K - $48K4000.20%
GABrunswick$33,420$23K - $44K1200.33%
GAColumbus$33,660$23K - $45K2500.23%
GADalton$31,660$22K - $44KN/AN/A
GAGainesville$41,970$32K - $59K1200.17%
GAMacon$44,160$33K - $60K1400.15%
GASavannah$37,920$27K - $56K2500.17%
GAValdosta$35,490$23K - $48K1200.23%
GAWarner Robins$35,280$20K - $52K1000.18%
HIHonolulu$48,150$22K - $71K7700.18%
IAAmes$51,100$32K - $61K1300.33%
IACedar Rapids$49,720$28K - $72K2600.19%
IADavenport - Moline - Rock Island$51,150$33K - $74K2100.12%
IADes Moines - West Des Moines$53,790$31K - $72K8500.26%
IADubuque$41,220$28K - $57K1000.18%
IAIowa City$47,750$34K - $75K900.11%
IASioux City$35,570$31K - $65K1200.17%
IAWaterloo - Cedar Falls$43,430$31K - $61K1600.18%
IDBoise City - Nampa$36,200$22K - $56K7000.27%
IDCoeur d'Alene, ID$39,730$25K - $56K1100.21%
IDIdaho Falls$32,100$26K - $47KN/AN/A
ILBloomington - Normal$49,840$31K - $63K1000.12%
ILChampaign - Urbana$61,840$34K - $75KN/AN/A
ILChicago - Joliet - Naperville (Metro Area)$57,490$35K - $90K4,6500.13%
ILDecatur$42,390$32K - $78K1000.21%
ILKankakee - Bradley$45,300$35K - $83K300.08%
ILLake County - Kenosha County (Metro Area)N/AN/A - N/A3000.08%
ILPeoria$49,080$34K - $64K3500.20%
ILRockford$65,820$40K - $89K2100.15%
ILSpringfield$64,020$34K - $92K900.08%
INAnderson$40,660$24K - $58K1200.32%
INBloomington$29,330$20K - $57K2600.35%
INColumbus$35,760$22K - $48KN/AN/A
INElkhart - Goshen$45,320$34K - $64K700.07%
INEvansville$40,400$23K - $64K4300.25%
INFort Wayne$40,560$26K - $62K5200.26%
INGary (Metro Area)$54,070$35K - $87K3800.14%
INIndianapolis - Carmel$48,770$33K - $73K1,0700.12%
INKokomo$37,830$22K - $86K1100.27%
INLafayette$35,100$22K - $52K1400.16%
INMichigan City - La Porte$40,170$25K - $46KN/AN/A
INMuncie$43,550$26K - $59K800.19%
INSouth Bend - Mishawaka$47,360$31K - $59K2300.18%
INTerre Haute$37,750$29K - $67K1200.18%
KSLawrence$41,780$23K - $69K1200.27%
KSManhattan$43,970$29K - $70K1000.20%
KSTopeka$44,320$25K - $60K2200.21%
KSWichita$45,160$32K - $71K5700.20%
KYBowling Green$35,380$28K - $54KN/AN/A
KYElizabethtown$40,750$28K - $51K800.19%
KYLexington - Fayette$40,450$23K - $56K4600.19%
KYLouisville - Jefferson County$36,310$25K - $56K1,2500.21%
KYOwensboro$38,490$25K - $54K700.14%
LAAlexandria$54,340$35K - $73KN/AN/A
LABaton Rouge$43,930$32K - $59K8400.23%
LAHouma - Bayou Cane - Thibodaux$41,670$21K - $57K1300.14%
LALafayette$40,890$26K - $78K3700.24%
LALake Charles$42,260$26K - $58K1600.18%
LAMonroe$33,460$23K - $42K1100.15%
LANew Orleans - Metairie - Kenner$40,950$27K - $62K1,9200.37%
LAShreveport - Bossier City$37,440$28K - $56K6200.35%
MABarnstable Town$52,050$31K - $68K3800.40%
MABoston - Cambridge - Quincy (Metro Area)$58,970$38K - $76K3,4000.20%
MABrockton - Bridgewater - Easton (Metro Area)$56,150$40K - $74K3000.35%
MAFramingham (Metro Area)$61,340$35K - $83K4700.30%
MAHaverhill - North Andover - Amesbury (Metro Area)$55,130$37K - $107K2000.26%
MALawrence - Methuen - Salem (Metro Area)$52,150$36K - $74K1500.26%
MALeominster - Fitchburg - Gardner$42,720$34K - $51KN/AN/A
MALowell - Billerica - Chelmsford (Metro Area)$55,260$28K - $85K2800.24%
MANew Bedford$36,940$30K - $68K1000.15%
MAPeabody (Metro Area)$50,430$33K - $69K1300.13%
MAPittsfield$36,370$31K - $61K1000.31%
MASpringfield$52,870$33K - $74K7100.25%
MATaunton - Norton - Raynham (Metro Area)$47,260$31K - $70K1300.29%
MAWorcester$51,980$36K - $74K3000.12%
MDBaltimore - Towson$45,830$27K - $73K2,9900.24%
MDBethesda - Rockville - Frederick (Metro Area)$52,330$32K - $79K1,2900.23%
MDCumberland$39,830$31K - $55K500.13%
MDHagerstown - Martinsburg$38,240$25K - $58K1500.16%
MDSalisbury$41,530$32K - $57K1500.29%
MEBangor$41,570$27K - $57K1100.17%
MELewiston - Auburn$36,000$27K - $48K1100.24%
MEPortland - South Portland - Biddeford$45,460$34K - $59K5500.28%
MIAnn Arbor$62,570$31K - $74K2000.10%
MIBattle Creek$44,510$40K - $55K1000.19%
MIBay City$40,660$27K - $58K700.22%
MIDetroit - Livonia - Dearborn (Metro Area)$57,010$37K - $84K1,2600.18%
MIFlint$41,900$24K - $60K1800.14%
MIGrand Rapids - Wyoming$43,760$28K - $66K5900.15%
MIHolland - Grand Haven$41,200$33K - $48KN/AN/A
MIJackson$44,760$34K - $59K400.08%
MIKalamazoo - Portage$53,540$24K - $72K1700.13%
MILansing - East Lansing$51,620$34K - $70K1700.09%
MIMonroe$45,780$27K - $71K1100.30%
MIMuskegon - Norton Shores$41,810$29K - $54K1100.19%
MINiles - Benton Harbor$36,550$32K - $45KN/AN/A
MISaginaw - Saginaw Township North$54,320$41K - $61KN/AN/A
MIWarren - Troy - Farmington Hills (Metro Area)$39,900$28K - $62K2,0500.19%
MNDuluth$44,020$29K - $61K2500.20%
MNMankato - North Mankato$40,160$26K - $57K600.13%
MNMinneapolis - St. Paul - Bloomington$50,940$33K - $71K1,0900.06%
MNRochester$43,500$27K - $62K1100.11%
MNSt. Cloud$39,710$33K - $62K1600.17%
MOCape Girardeau - Jackson$39,790$32K - $58K900.20%
MOColumbia$40,870$23K - $62K3100.36%
MOJefferson City$35,100$26K - $45K1900.27%
MOJoplin$41,960$25K - $60K1500.19%
MOKansas City$49,310$31K - $73K1,6500.17%
MOSpringfield$41,820$28K - $58K3500.19%
MOSt. Joseph$54,010$31K - $91K1000.19%
MOSt. Louis$50,950$35K - $70K1,7100.13%
MSGulfport - Biloxi$44,300$31K - $57K1600.16%
MSHattiesburg$34,320$27K - $47K1000.18%
MSJackson$39,400$26K - $58K4100.16%
MSPascagoula$29,930$18K - $43K1000.19%
MTBillings$37,600$20K - $58K1500.18%
MTGreat Falls$44,280$27K - $57KN/AN/A
MTMissoula$49,860$35K - $59K300.06%
NCAsheville$36,600$28K - $55K4400.26%
NCBurlington$38,130$30K - $56K1700.30%
NCCharlotte - Gastonia - Rock Hill$40,690$31K - $56K2,0900.24%
NCDurham - Chapel Hill$43,510$29K - $86K5100.19%
NCFayetteville$37,450$23K - $53K3400.26%
NCGoldsboro$38,610$32K - $54K700.17%
NCGreensboro - High Point$39,300$26K - $59K1,0100.29%
NCGreenville$36,280$28K - $48K1400.19%
NCHickory - Lenoir - Morganton$34,380$25K - $49K2700.19%
NCJacksonville$33,300$25K - $57K1200.27%
NCRaleigh - Cary$38,780$26K - $56K1,8200.35%
NCRocky Mount$41,520$29K - $54K1500.26%
NCWilmington$36,300$26K - $57K6100.46%
NCWinston - Salem$38,270$27K - $55K4800.24%
NDBismarck$45,140$33K - $59KN/AN/A
NDFargo$41,460$33K - $61K2200.17%
NDGrand Forks$45,940$30K - $60K1000.20%
NELincoln$45,620$33K - $59K4600.28%
NEOmaha - Council Bluffs$51,300$33K - $86K5500.12%
NHManchester$47,200$31K - $67K3000.30%
NHNashua (Metro Area)$46,720$37K - $64K1700.13%
NHPortsmouth$45,730$34K - $63K1100.20%
NHRochester - Dover$44,690$34K - $62K1000.18%
NJAtlantic City - Hammonton$48,020$32K - $64K4000.29%
NJCamden (Metro Area)$52,970$23K - $75K1,1200.23%
NJEdison - New Brunswick (Metro Area)$50,290$40K - $75K2,3400.24%
NJNewark - Union (Metro Area)$57,620$35K - $80K2,5400.27%
NJOcean City$48,390$32K - $70K1100.29%
NJTrenton - Ewing$54,570$33K - $75K4100.19%
NJVineland - Millville - Bridgeton$38,120$32K - $58K2000.35%
NMAlbuquerque$41,570$22K - $55K5500.15%
NMFarmington$41,210$33K - $74K400.09%
NMLas Cruces$34,440$23K - $49K900.13%
NVCarson City$43,790$31K - $67K500.18%
NVLas Vegas - Paradise$52,660$29K - $75K9600.12%
NVReno - Sparks$49,360$33K - $62K3600.19%
NYAlbany - Schenectady - Troy$47,990$31K - $70K7100.17%
NYBinghamton$38,100$22K - $59K1500.14%
NYBuffalo - Niagara Falls$45,760$32K - $60K6500.12%
NYElmira$44,560$30K - $72K700.19%
NYGlens Falls$41,540$30K - $55K1400.26%
NYIthaca$59,720$41K - $73K1100.22%
NYKingston$38,730$26K - $52K1100.19%
NYNassau - Suffolk (Metro Area)$58,440$39K - $76K2,3700.19%
NYNew York - White Plains - Wayne (Metro Area)$57,760$28K - $81K7,4600.14%
NYPoughkeepsie - Newburgh - Middletown$48,810$33K - $65K5100.21%
NYRochester$39,380$24K - $62K9900.20%
NYSyracuse$40,860$28K - $63K6900.23%
NYUtica - Rome$42,650$31K - $58K1800.14%
OHAkron$36,140$26K - $62K4200.13%
OHCanton - Massillon$39,290$32K - $62K3500.21%
OHCincinnati - Middletown$47,630$30K - $69K2,1800.22%
OHCleveland - Elyria - Mentor$46,350$27K - $66K1,0600.11%
OHColumbus$40,990$31K - $57K1,6800.18%
OHDayton$42,290$18K - $59K9100.25%
OHLima$38,830$25K - $62K1600.34%
OHMansfield$42,430$30K - $58K600.11%
OHSandusky$40,600$28K - $55K500.13%
OHSpringfield$42,430$21K - $58K500.10%
OHSteubenville - Weirton$31,990$22K - $63K1000.23%
OHToledo$45,070$27K - $69K4900.17%
OHYoungstown - Warren - Boardman$38,820$28K - $64K1600.07%
OKLawton$40,310$26K - $55K900.23%
OKOklahoma City$42,670$29K - $62K9700.17%
OKTulsa$38,580$22K - $56K8900.22%
ORBend$44,340$34K - $58K1300.22%
OREugene - Springfield$46,490$27K - $72K1200.09%
ORMedford$39,580$32K - $56K1400.20%
ORPortland - Vancouver - Hillsboro$52,630$28K - $81K1,8300.18%
ORSalem$41,680$28K - $58K1900.13%
PAAllentown - Bethlehem - Easton$41,890$32K - $59K8100.24%
PAAltoona$38,560$26K - $48K1500.26%
PAErie$47,320$27K - $65K1800.14%
PAHarrisburg - Carlisle$42,150$32K - $58K5800.19%
PAJohnstown$37,120$31K - $59K700.13%
PALancaster$45,270$34K - $58K6600.30%
PALebanon$41,610$32K - $55K900.17%
PAPhiladelphia (Metro Area)$47,080$32K - $69K3,8300.21%
PAPittsburgh$43,320$26K - $68K2,1200.19%
PAReading$48,500$29K - $84K2700.16%
PAScranton - Wilkes - Barre$45,810$32K - $79K5500.22%
PAState College$42,320$25K - $61K2000.30%
PAWilliamsport$45,090$33K - $57K400.08%
PAYork - Hanover$43,950$31K - $63K2800.16%
PRAguadilla - Isabela - San Sebastian$18,300$16K - $36K400.10%
PRMayaguez$19,550$16K - $36K500.18%
PRPonce$20,300$16K - $30K400.07%
PRSan Juan - Caguas - Guaynabo$20,100$16K - $38K9700.13%
RIProvidence - Fall River - Warwick$56,890$41K - $75K8800.16%
SCAnderson$33,760$26K - $46K1300.22%
SCCharleston - North Charleston - Summerville$38,450$28K - $53K8000.28%
SCColumbia$36,950$23K - $52K8700.25%
SCFlorence$34,610$24K - $49K1300.16%
SCGreenville - Mauldin - Easley$38,780$26K - $58K5200.17%
SCMyrtle Beach - North Myrtle Beach - Conway$32,700$24K - $50K2500.23%
SCSpartanburg$32,980$20K - $46K3000.26%
SCSumter$28,890$23K - $37K700.22%
SDRapid City$37,940$26K - $65K800.13%
SDSioux Falls$45,750$31K - $70K3800.28%
TNChattanooga$34,450$26K - $48K4900.22%
TNClarksville$36,440$26K - $51K1900.23%
TNCleveland$37,330$29K - $54K400.10%
TNJackson$34,510$25K - $48K1100.18%
TNJohnson City$32,620$22K - $44K600.07%
TNKingsport - Bristol - Bristol$36,260$25K - $57K3000.26%
TNKnoxville$35,140$23K - $53K7000.21%
TNMemphis$41,310$26K - $58K9200.16%
TNNashville - Davidson - Murfreesboro - Franklin$40,990$27K - $62K1,6900.23%
TXAbilene$36,770$27K - $51K1400.22%
TXAmarillo$38,150$23K - $67K1400.13%
TXAustin - Round Rock - San Marcos$41,230$26K - $57K1,9200.24%
TXBeaumont - Port Arthur$42,030$29K - $60K2900.18%
TXBrownsville - Harlingen$30,990$22K - $39K2700.21%
TXCollege Station - Bryan$34,920$21K - $50K2600.28%
TXCorpus Christi$37,180$26K - $56K4800.26%
TXDallas - Plano - Irving (Metro Area)$44,340$24K - $68K3,9400.19%
TXEl Paso$26,720$17K - $42K6900.25%
TXFort Worth - Arlington (Metro Area)$41,790$30K - $58K1,3300.15%
TXHouston - Sugar Land - Baytown$41,270$28K - $62K5,2400.20%
TXKilleen - Temple - Fort Hood$41,340$24K - $57K2200.17%
TXLaredo$31,640$18K - $62K1600.18%
TXLongview$37,030$29K - $49K1500.15%
TXLubbock$37,710$28K - $54K3400.27%
TXMcAllen - Edinburg - Mission$30,840$21K - $45K3500.15%
TXMidland$33,880$26K - $61K800.10%
TXOdessa$29,450$21K - $51K2000.30%
TXSan Angelo$43,860$26K - $56K1300.28%
TXSan Antonio - New Braunfels$37,620$20K - $57K1,8800.22%
TXSherman - Denison$37,600$27K - $53K1100.27%
TXTexarkana - Texarkana$36,550$18K - $49K700.13%
TXTyler$35,460$26K - $55K2100.22%
TXVictoria$38,420$27K - $57K1700.34%
TXWaco$34,990$23K - $49K2500.25%
TXWichita Falls$38,070$26K - $51K1500.27%
UTLogan$38,230$24K - $54K1400.29%
UTOgden - Clearfield$45,420$32K - $68K7400.38%
UTProvo - Orem$35,730$25K - $55K3600.20%
UTSalt Lake City$42,350$33K - $64K8100.13%
UTSt. George$50,380$30K - $71K1500.32%
VABlacksburg - Christiansburg - Radford$33,110$17K - $45K1300.20%
VACharlottesville$38,630$26K - $50K3500.36%
VADanville$36,170$26K - $52K400.11%
VAHarrisonburg$38,410$26K - $63K2000.35%
VALynchburg$35,050$26K - $53K3000.30%
VARichmond$42,090$23K - $58K1,1700.20%
VARoanoke$36,820$24K - $57K5200.35%
VAVirginia Beach - Norfolk - Newport News$37,320$22K - $54K1,8500.26%
VAWinchester$43,440$31K - $65K1000.18%
VTBurlington - South Burlington$48,020$34K - $59K2100.18%
WABellingham$43,820$29K - $60K1400.19%
WABremerton - Silverdale$56,650$42K - $68KN/AN/A
WAKennewick - Pasco - Richland$43,950$28K - $71K1800.18%
WALongview$36,580$31K - $57KN/AN/A
WAMount Vernon - Anacortes$52,720$42K - $60K400.09%
WAOlympia$49,440$34K - $88K600.07%
WASeattle - Bellevue - Everett (Metro Area)$57,170$38K - $85K1,5900.11%
WASpokane$40,130$30K - $60K2600.13%
WATacoma (Metro Area)$51,170$23K - $68K5500.22%
WAWenatchee - East Wenatchee$40,410$33K - $53KN/AN/A
WAYakima$43,620$33K - $58K1400.18%
WIAppleton$45,790$39K - $68KN/AN/A
WIEau Claire$44,800$33K - $64K1600.20%
WIFond du Lac$40,960$32K - $57K900.20%
WIGreen Bay$39,580$26K - $58K3300.20%
WIJanesville$41,480$28K - $58K1400.23%
WILa Crosse$52,700$24K - $60K1000.14%
WIMadison$48,890$30K - $79K7000.21%
WIMilwaukee - Waukesha - West Allis$51,380$35K - $73K8500.11%
WIOshkosh - Neenah$43,090$33K - $57K1400.16%
WIRacine$48,730$32K - $87K700.09%
WISheboygan$52,490$36K - $72K800.14%
WIWausau$42,260$28K - $81KN/AN/A
WVCharleston$35,490$21K - $57K2600.18%
WVHuntington - Ashland$38,220$22K - $58K1900.18%
WVMorgantown$35,410$20K - $51K1000.16%
WVParkersburg - Marietta - Vienna$31,660$19K - $42K1700.25%
WVWheeling$36,990$22K - $56K1200.18%
WYCasper$29,430$23K - $56K1700.41%
WYCheyenne$39,900$29K - $54K1500.34%