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Nursing Aides

Nursing Aides and Attendants


Education

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What's Needed:

  • Entry-level nursing assistants must have completed high school or its equivalent and gone through a nursing aide program.
  • Some high schools offer nursing assistant training, but it is more common to take courses and earn a certificate at a community college or vocational school.
  • Some large hospitals also offer training and licensing as well as certification to become a Certified Nursing Assistant.
  • Additional education can help the nursing aide who intends to specialize in one area of care.

What you study:

Nursing assistant programs generally include coursework in:

  • Communication
  • Biology
  • Human anatomy and physiology
  • Ethics
  • Time management
  • Introductory psychology
  • Fundamentals of nursing


Video Overview

A brief introduction to the work of nursing aides. Produced for the US Dept. of Labor.


A Day in the Life

Depending on where you work, your shifts could be long.

Your day as a nursing assistant could begin early in the morning, but because many patients in hospitals, hospices and long-term care facilities need around-the-clock care, you might also opt for an evening or overnight shift. Depending on where you work, your shifts could be long; your current position in a long-term care facility for elderly people requires 12-hour shifts for continuity of care. Fortunately, the pace of your current work is fairly low-key, unlike the shorter and busier shifts you had as an emergency room nursing aide.

You play a vital role in keeping patients comfortable.

As you arrive at the center, you coordinate with the shift supervisor. Learning about the patients in your care from the nursing report is important, but so is direct communication with the previous shift. A report can tell you that a patient got her medication, but the nurse who gave it to her can tell you how easily she accepted it. One of the residents who has advanced dementia had difficulty taking her medication, and you make a note to allot extra time to working with her today.

You've also begun to appreciate how consistent care lets you get to know your patients.

You play a key role in keeping patients comfortable. As you make your initial rounds, you'll almost certainly be asked to help with a bedpan or assist with feeding. These actions help your patients feel more comfortable and cared for, but they also serve an important medical function. Monitoring patients' fluid intake and output is vital to their care. During your rounds, you make a point of spending time with each patient. For some of them, you're a primary source of social contact, and taking a few minutes to talk with residents is part of your work.

When it's time to change bed linens, you prepare yourself for an argument with the patient who'd given the previous shift difficulty. On some days, her dementia makes her angry and fearful. It's difficult, but part of the compassionate care you provide is offering it even when a patient can't accept it. Fortunately, the patient seems clearer after a nap and greets you with a smile instead of suspicion. You and she talk about the pleasures of freshly washed sheets as you change the linens; she recounts happy memories of hanging laundry on the line as you help her back to bed.

Your shift is largely uneventful, although you do have to bathe and help change a patient who didn't call for a bedpan in time. When you worked in an emergency room gathering and delivering specimens, assisting with wound care and reassuring frightened patients, the pace was more hectic. You've also begun to appreciate how consistent care lets you get to know your patients. By the time your shift ends, you're tired but fulfilled. It's time to give your report to the next shift and head home.


Certifications and Licensing

All states currently require passing an examination to become a nursing assistant or orderly. The test usually has a written component and a practical component. In some states, passing the exam earns a Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) license, but other states use different terms for nursing aides who have passed.


Job Flexibility

Full-time versus part-time:

No matter where they work, nursing assistants have patients who rely on them. While shift lengths and times are flexible, the nature of the work requires attentiveness and diligence throughout the shift.

Work location:

Nursing assistants typically work in assisted care and long-term residential care facilities, hospitals and hospices, but some provide home health care.


Recommended Websites

  • Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook: Nursing Aides, Orderlies and Attendants Visitors to this BLS site will find a wide-angle view of the profession, including expected growth rates, average salaries and a general job description. While the website does not provide an in-depth look at nursing assistants' work, it is an excellent place to start the search for more information.
  • National Association of Health Care Assistants With more than 40,000 members, this not-for-profit group is one of the largest organizations for nursing assistants. Find advocacy information, assistance with continuing education and an extensive Member Resource Center that forms a network of support for new and established nursing aides. NAHCA focuses primarily on care for elderly people, but all aspects of patient care are addressed on the site.
  • National Network of Career Nursing Assistants From emergency room assistants to long-term care workers, the NNCNA offers a comprehensive website to prospective and current caregivers across a wide spectrum of nursing assistant positions. The organization's focus is on health care workers who have chosen a career in direct patient care as a nursing assistant. Visitors can find advice on how to transfer certification to another state, where to find training and how to find peer support.

Salaries by City

See typical salaries and ranges for this career below*. Shift click to sort by more than one column -- for example first shift-click on state and then shift-click on salary to find best and worst salaries in each state.

StateCity / RegionTypical SalarySalary RangeJob Count% of All Jobs
AKAnchorage$34,310$27K - $43K1,0800.63%
AKFairbanks$35,350$30K - $44K1700.47%
ALAnniston - Oxford$18,570$16K - $24K3700.84%
ALBirmingham - Hoover$22,380$17K - $30K4,6200.95%
ALDecatur$20,270$16K - $26K3800.73%
ALDothan$18,750$16K - $30K7001.25%
ALFlorence - Muscle Shoals$19,020$16K - $28K5801.11%
ALGadsden$21,020$17K - $24K5701.71%
ALHuntsville$22,490$17K - $34K1,5600.77%
ALMobile$21,550$17K - $26K1,8701.11%
ALMontgomery$21,850$17K - $30K1,4100.89%
ALTuscaloosa$20,230$16K - $30K1,2801.42%
ARFayetteville - Springdale - Rogers$22,140$17K - $28K2,0000.98%
ARFort Smith$19,460$16K - $26K2,0701.83%
ARHot Springs$21,960$18K - $27K8002.24%
ARJonesboro$18,790$16K - $24K8801.80%
ARLittle Rock - North Little Rock - Conway$22,320$18K - $29K5,1801.55%
ARPine Bluff$21,320$17K - $25K8802.52%
AZFlagstaff$27,340$21K - $38K2900.52%
AZLake Havasu City $ Kingman$23,520$20K - $30K5001.15%
AZPhoenix - Mesa - Glendale$27,880$21K - $36K9,4200.54%
AZPrescott$26,280$20K - $34K6001.14%
AZTucson$27,430$21K - $34K2,4000.69%
AZYuma$23,250$20K - $29K4500.81%
CABakersfield - Delano$24,260$20K - $34K1,4000.51%
CAChico$24,650$20K - $35K8101.20%
CAEl Centro$23,540$20K - $30K1000.19%
CAFresno$24,090$20K - $31K2,2400.71%
CAHanford - Corcoran$26,480$21K - $36K4201.12%
CALos Angeles - Long Beach - Glendale (Metro Area)$26,930$20K - $37K31,7100.82%
CAMadera - Chowchilla$24,080$19K - $34K4201.09%
CAMerced$23,960$20K - $38K5700.95%
CAModesto$25,030$21K - $35K1,8601.21%
CANapa$34,550$25K - $42K4300.69%
CAOakland - Fremont - Hayward (Metro Area)$32,910$25K - $51K6,8100.70%
CAOxnard - Thousand Oaks - Ventura$27,820$22K - $37K1,4300.49%
CARedding$26,940$21K - $34K6001.04%
CARiverside - San Bernardino - Ontario$25,330$20K - $37K8,5300.74%
CASacramento - Arden - Arcade - Roseville$29,520$21K - $47K5,5100.67%
CASalinas$29,580$25K - $49K9200.59%
CASan Diego - Carlsbad - San Marcos$27,380$21K - $36K8,0100.64%
CASan Francisco - San Mateo - Redwood City (Metro Area)$37,190$27K - $55K5,3300.53%
CASan Jose - Sunnyvale - Santa Clara$33,500$25K - $50K4,2200.47%
CASan Luis Obispo - Paso Robles$26,010$19K - $38K4400.43%
CASanta Ana - Anaheim - Irvine (Metro Area)$27,590$21K - $38K8,6000.61%
CASanta Barbara - Santa Maria - Goleta$32,680$23K - $43K1,1700.70%
CASanta Cruz - Watsonville$26,720$20K - $39K4600.56%
CASanta Rosa - Petaluma$29,280$22K - $48K1,2800.74%
CAStockton$26,140$20K - $38K1,9801.02%
CAVallejo - Fairfield$29,050$22K - $54K7700.64%
CAVisalia - Porterville$22,280$18K - $30K9000.68%
CAYuba City$27,230$21K - $38K3901.08%
COBoulder$27,190$21K - $37K9500.60%
COColorado Springs$26,040$20K - $34K2,2100.91%
CODenver - Aurora - Broomfield$28,680$24K - $37K8,2400.67%
COFort Collins - Loveland$25,660$20K - $35K1,1200.85%
COGrand Junction$25,880$21K - $33K5400.93%
COGreeley$25,280$20K - $34K7300.91%
COPueblo$24,730$18K - $30K7301.34%
CTBridgeport - Stamford - Norwalk$32,680$25K - $42K4,5601.10%
CTDanbury$29,470$24K - $38K9101.36%
CTHartford - West Hartford - East Hartford$30,700$24K - $39K7,1501.29%
CTNew Haven$31,230$25K - $42K4,4001.62%
CTNorwich - New London$29,250$23K - $39K1,4401.12%
CTWaterbury$29,220$23K - $41K1,1801.87%
DCWashington - Arlington - Alexandria (Metro Area)$27,950$21K - $38K13,0800.56%
DEDover$25,770$18K - $34K1,1001.87%
DEWilmington (Metro Area)$28,040$22K - $37K3,6601.14%
FLCape Coral - Fort Myers$25,950$21K - $31K2,7101.33%
FLCrestview - Fort Walton Beach - Destin$21,900$17K - $30K5500.75%
FLDeltona - Daytona Beach - Ormond Beach$23,340$20K - $29K2,6301.73%
FLFort Lauderdale - Pompano Beach - Deerfield Beach (Metro Area)$23,310$18K - $32K5,2700.74%
FLGainesville$22,560$20K - $30K2,0501.73%
FLJacksonville$23,710$20K - $30K5,9901.03%
FLLakeland - Winter Haven$23,480$20K - $30K2,4601.29%
FLMiami - Miami Beach - Kendall (Metro Area)$22,210$17K - $29K9,5200.95%
FLNaples - Marco Island$26,320$21K - $31K1,4601.27%
FLNorth Port - Bradenton - Sarasota$26,630$21K - $33K4,4801.87%
FLOcala$22,160$17K - $29K1,2701.43%
FLOrlando - Kissimmee - Sanford$23,660$20K - $30K7,7700.77%
FLPalm Bay - Melbourne - Titusville$23,280$19K - $30K2,0901.09%
FLPalm Coast$23,990$20K - $31K1901.04%
FLPanama City - Lynn Haven - Panama City Beach$21,470$17K - $28K1,0101.45%
FLPensacola - Ferry Pass - Brent$22,870$20K - $29K2,0601.37%
FLPort St. Lucie$24,930$20K - $33K1,7101.41%
FLPunta Gorda$24,480$20K - $30K1,0202.58%
FLSebastian - Vero Beach$23,280$18K - $29K8001.79%
FLTallahassee$22,810$20K - $29K1,1800.75%
FLTampa - St. Petersburg - Clearwater$23,180$19K - $30K15,8801.41%
FLWest Palm Beach - Boca Raton - Boynton Beach (Metro Area)$23,250$19K - $30K7,3901.45%
GAAlbany$18,040$16K - $23K7001.19%
GAAthens - Clarke County$18,720$16K - $25K1,0101.31%
GAAtlanta - Sandy Springs - Marietta$22,340$17K - $31K16,1100.71%
GAAugusta - Richmond County$20,740$16K - $30K2,8901.43%
GABrunswick$21,920$17K - $28K4101.09%
GAColumbus$21,100$16K - $29K1,1501.05%
GADalton$24,080$17K - $34KN/AN/A
GAGainesville$26,650$20K - $34K7301.02%
GAMacon$18,820$16K - $29K1,4101.50%
GARome$21,050$17K - $27K6301.75%
GASavannah$21,970$18K - $28K1,8801.27%
GAValdosta$19,230$16K - $28K7201.44%
GAWarner Robins$21,480$17K - $29K5300.96%
HIHonolulu$29,280$21K - $38K3,5700.82%
IAAmes$25,500$21K - $31K4701.18%
IACedar Rapids$24,400$20K - $32K1,3200.96%
IADavenport - Moline - Rock Island$23,820$20K - $30K2,1801.23%
IADes Moines - West Des Moines$25,640$21K - $32K3,5001.08%
IADubuque$22,960$20K - $33K6901.23%
IAIowa City$28,280$21K - $37K1,0601.25%
IASioux City$22,680$20K - $29K5700.82%
IAWaterloo - Cedar Falls$23,440$20K - $30K1,1801.33%
IDBoise City - Nampa$23,190$17K - $30K3,3801.29%
IDCoeur d'Alene, ID$23,230$19K - $30K6301.23%
IDIdaho Falls$21,030$16K - $28K3100.64%
IDLewiston$22,060$18K - $29K6402.73%
IDPocatello$19,900$16K - $29K6401.96%
ILBloomington - Normal$22,790$19K - $29K7400.85%
ILChampaign - Urbana$22,310$18K - $30K1,0201.08%
ILChicago - Joliet - Naperville (Metro Area)$24,400$19K - $34K32,7700.90%
ILDanville$24,950$20K - $37K4801.78%
ILDecatur$23,350$19K - $32K7801.56%
ILKankakee - Bradley$23,250$19K - $38K7201.81%
ILLake County - Kenosha County (Metro Area)$24,780$19K - $35K3,5600.96%
ILPeoria$23,290$20K - $31K2,4901.39%
ILRockford$24,830$21K - $33K2,0301.45%
ILSpringfield$22,990$20K - $29K1,7201.59%
INAnderson$19,140$16K - $25K5801.52%
INBloomington$19,860$16K - $26K8801.19%
INColumbus$22,020$17K - $29K4100.91%
INElkhart - Goshen$22,200$17K - $29K8300.76%
INEvansville$23,080$19K - $30K2,2901.33%
INFort Wayne$21,660$17K - $29K2,4901.25%
INGary (Metro Area)$22,150$17K - $30K3,3201.25%
INIndianapolis - Carmel$23,900$19K - $33K8,5200.96%
INKokomo$21,660$17K - $28K5201.31%
INLafayette$22,920$20K - $29K8100.93%
INMichigan City - La Porte$22,390$17K - $29K3900.95%
INMuncie$21,270$17K - $27K7201.62%
INSouth Bend - Mishawaka$23,600$19K - $31K1,3701.09%
INTerre Haute$22,020$17K - $32K9101.37%
KSLawrence$24,160$20K - $30K5001.09%
KSManhattan$23,490$20K - $31K6101.19%
KSTopeka$21,970$18K - $28K2,0101.88%
KSWichita$22,240$18K - $29K3,9001.39%
KYBowling Green$21,820$17K - $28K5600.96%
KYElizabethtown$22,590$18K - $29K4601.00%
KYLexington - Fayette$23,050$18K - $30K3,2601.33%
KYLouisville - Jefferson County$24,090$19K - $31K7,2601.22%
KYOwensboro$21,970$17K - $29K9101.83%
LAAlexandria$19,050$16K - $30K9901.60%
LABaton Rouge$20,630$16K - $29K4,2101.16%
LAHouma - Bayou Cane - Thibodaux$20,060$16K - $32K7100.76%
LALafayette$18,430$16K - $26K1,4100.93%
LALake Charles$20,190$16K - $24K1,0401.19%
LAMonroe$18,360$16K - $24K9301.27%
LANew Orleans - Metairie - Kenner$22,620$18K - $29K4,3700.85%
LAShreveport - Bossier City$19,580$16K - $29K2,9701.69%
MABarnstable Town$27,790$20K - $37K1,7001.77%
MABoston - Cambridge - Quincy (Metro Area)$29,760$24K - $39K16,4200.96%
MABrockton - Bridgewater - Easton (Metro Area)$29,270$22K - $39K1,2901.49%
MAFramingham (Metro Area)$29,280$23K - $39K1,6301.04%
MAHaverhill - North Andover - Amesbury (Metro Area)$27,060$20K - $36K1,4301.84%
MALawrence - Methuen - Salem (Metro Area)$27,900$22K - $36K8301.42%
MALeominster - Fitchburg - Gardner$27,520$21K - $36K7201.53%
MALowell - Billerica - Chelmsford (Metro Area)$26,640$21K - $35K1,2101.04%
MANew Bedford$25,320$20K - $33K1,3302.07%
MAPeabody (Metro Area)$29,140$23K - $38K1,6601.64%
MAPittsfield$24,710$20K - $33K6802.04%
MASpringfield$27,510$20K - $37K4,1401.45%
MATaunton - Norton - Raynham (Metro Area)$27,000$20K - $35K5501.26%
MAWorcester$30,070$24K - $40K3,6901.52%
MDBaltimore - Towson$27,110$21K - $37K13,7801.09%
MDBethesda - Rockville - Frederick (Metro Area)$28,700$21K - $38K6,4901.16%
MDCumberland$24,530$20K - $30K7001.92%
MDHagerstown - Martinsburg$28,260$21K - $37K1,3701.38%
MDSalisbury$23,660$20K - $33K9501.86%
MEBangor$23,260$18K - $32K1,0001.57%
MELewiston - Auburn$23,610$20K - $30K6501.38%
MEPortland - South Portland - Biddeford$26,470$21K - $34K2,6701.37%
MIAnn Arbor$26,550$21K - $34K2,4001.24%
MIBattle Creek$26,710$19K - $37K7401.40%
MIBay City$25,980$19K - $31K6101.82%
MIDetroit - Livonia - Dearborn (Metro Area)$26,620$20K - $35K10,5901.52%
MIFlint$26,970$20K - $36K2,1401.67%
MIGrand Rapids - Wyoming$23,340$18K - $30K4,6701.21%
MIHolland - Grand Haven$24,380$20K - $31K1,4801.44%
MIJackson$27,080$20K - $33K9401.82%
MIKalamazoo - Portage$24,630$19K - $30K1,6501.27%
MILansing - East Lansing$26,960$20K - $35K1,9701.01%
MIMonroe$25,810$20K - $30K5001.33%
MIMuskegon - Norton Shores$25,460$19K - $33K1,0101.76%
MINiles - Benton Harbor$24,990$18K - $32K8401.47%
MISaginaw - Saginaw Township North$25,100$20K - $32K1,3301.61%
MIWarren - Troy - Farmington Hills (Metro Area)$26,070$20K - $34K10,5100.98%
MNDuluth$26,620$19K - $36K2,1601.75%
MNMankato - North Mankato$24,940$20K - $34K5701.18%
MNMinneapolis - St. Paul - Bloomington$28,440$22K - $37K15,2900.87%
MNRochester$30,050$22K - $38K1,5301.51%
MNSt. Cloud$27,020$21K - $36K1,1401.19%
MOCape Girardeau - Jackson$20,810$17K - $28K9102.15%
MOColumbia$22,090$17K - $29K1,2201.42%
MOJefferson City$20,800$16K - $29K9501.35%
MOJoplin$20,800$16K - $28K9001.18%
MOKansas City$24,180$19K - $33K10,6901.10%
MOSpringfield$20,970$16K - $28K3,3401.80%
MOSt. Joseph$21,280$17K - $28K6401.27%
MOSt. Louis$22,710$18K - $30K18,2401.43%
MSGulfport - Biloxi$22,990$19K - $34K1,2701.24%
MSHattiesburg$19,220$16K - $24K8701.54%
MSJackson$19,760$16K - $25K3,7701.51%
MSPascagoula$20,090$16K - $28K4300.82%
MTBillings$25,500$20K - $36K1,0001.22%
MTGreat Falls$22,940$19K - $29K5201.49%
MTMissoula$21,830$18K - $28K5901.07%
NCAsheville$23,290$19K - $30K3,1601.87%
NCBurlington$21,350$17K - $28K8501.51%
NCCharlotte - Gastonia - Rock Hill$22,660$17K - $30K8,0600.94%
NCDurham - Chapel Hill$25,790$20K - $34K3,9401.45%
NCFayetteville$22,300$17K - $34K1,6601.30%
NCGoldsboro$19,520$16K - $27K6001.56%
NCGreensboro - High Point$22,060$17K - $29K4,0501.18%
NCGreenville$21,660$17K - $29K1,7002.31%
NCHickory - Lenoir - Morganton$22,220$17K - $29K1,7401.22%
NCJacksonville$18,970$16K - $27K6101.40%
NCRaleigh - Cary$23,720$17K - $30K5,4001.05%
NCRocky Mount$18,670$16K - $26K1,0901.93%
NCWilmington$21,600$17K - $29K2,0101.51%
NCWinston - Salem$22,760$18K - $30K3,4401.70%
NDBismarck$27,650$22K - $36K1,3002.01%
NDFargo$27,150$22K - $34K1,2901.02%
NDGrand Forks$25,960$21K - $32K9001.82%
NELincoln$23,820$20K - $31K2,0401.25%
NEOmaha - Council Bluffs$24,920$20K - $36K6,1401.36%
NHManchester$29,490$22K - $40K1,7501.73%
NHNashua (Metro Area)$27,340$20K - $36K1,0300.79%
NHPortsmouth$25,660$19K - $35K4900.88%
NHRochester - Dover$25,250$19K - $37K7801.48%
NJAtlantic City - Hammonton$26,840$20K - $35K1,7701.30%
NJCamden (Metro Area)$26,490$21K - $36K7,2301.47%
NJEdison - New Brunswick (Metro Area)$27,250$21K - $37K13,7801.42%
NJNewark - Union (Metro Area)$26,670$21K - $35K11,6901.23%
NJOcean City$26,640$21K - $32K5701.52%
NJTrenton - Ewing$26,660$21K - $35K2,5801.20%
NJVineland - Millville - Bridgeton$22,980$20K - $33K7701.31%
NMAlbuquerque$27,770$21K - $37K2,7100.74%
NMFarmington$23,440$19K - $40K4100.82%
NMLas Cruces$23,240$20K - $30K5000.75%
NMSanta Fe$24,160$18K - $35K3400.59%
NVCarson City$29,770$23K - $38K2801.06%
NVLas Vegas - Paradise$32,120$24K - $45K3,1100.38%
NVReno - Sparks$27,570$21K - $36K1,1200.59%
NYAlbany - Schenectady - Troy$26,330$20K - $36K4,7201.11%
NYBinghamton$26,400$21K - $39K1,3701.31%
NYBuffalo - Niagara Falls$27,140$20K - $36K5,8401.10%
NYElmira$29,110$20K - $38K6101.63%
NYGlens Falls$29,820$21K - $43K6701.27%
NYIthaca$31,870$22K - $40KN/AN/A
NYKingston$26,730$21K - $37K5200.91%
NYNassau - Suffolk (Metro Area)$35,080$26K - $45K15,3801.26%
NYNew York - White Plains - Wayne (Metro Area)$33,920$23K - $43K56,8101.10%
NYPoughkeepsie - Newburgh - Middletown$28,600$24K - $38K2,1800.90%
NYRochester$25,800$20K - $33K5,8901.19%
NYSyracuse$26,470$20K - $36K3,3101.10%
NYUtica - Rome$22,940$18K - $35K2,0901.70%
OHAkron$22,520$18K - $30K3,9701.26%
OHCanton - Massillon$20,790$17K - $27K3,0501.87%
OHCincinnati - Middletown$25,410$20K - $31K12,0101.22%
OHCleveland - Elyria - Mentor$24,020$19K - $32K13,0701.31%
OHColumbus$23,850$20K - $31K8,4400.92%
OHDayton$23,800$19K - $33K5,7501.56%
OHLima$24,370$17K - $31K8301.74%
OHMansfield$21,390$17K - $29K4800.96%
OHSandusky$25,170$20K - $33K6301.72%
OHSpringfield$22,560$18K - $29K9501.99%
OHSteubenville - Weirton$19,930$17K - $28K9802.23%
OHToledo$23,270$19K - $33K4,0801.40%
OHYoungstown - Warren - Boardman$23,080$20K - $31K3,3801.55%
OKLawton$20,970$16K - $30K3500.86%
OKOklahoma City$21,590$17K - $28K6,3001.08%
OKTulsa$22,040$17K - $29K4,3501.05%
ORBend$27,110$22K - $34K3600.60%
ORCorvallis$22,340$19K - $29K2100.62%
OREugene - Springfield$26,280$21K - $35K1,3000.96%
ORMedford$27,690$21K - $36K5400.73%
ORPortland - Vancouver - Hillsboro$26,790$20K - $37K6,7300.67%
ORSalem$25,470$19K - $37K1,3000.91%
PAAllentown - Bethlehem - Easton$27,730$21K - $36K5,6201.67%
PAAltoona$27,290$21K - $36K1,2002.07%
PAErie$23,170$20K - $33K2,1601.69%
PAHarrisburg - Carlisle$28,470$22K - $37K2,7100.88%
PAJohnstown$23,990$20K - $29K5701.02%
PALancaster$28,650$22K - $38K4,0501.83%
PALebanon$28,380$21K - $37K7801.57%
PAPhiladelphia (Metro Area)$27,590$21K - $37K24,7101.36%
PAPittsburgh$26,510$20K - $35K12,4201.10%
PAReading$27,390$21K - $35K1,9901.22%
PAScranton - Wilkes - Barre$26,500$20K - $36K2,7301.09%
PAState College$28,620$22K - $36K5500.83%
PAWilliamsport$25,690$20K - $31K6601.25%
PAYork - Hanover$24,740$19K - $35K1,8301.05%
PRAguadilla - Isabela - San Sebastian$17,590$16K - $19KN/AN/A
PRSan Juan - Caguas - Guaynabo$18,830$16K - $34K8300.11%
RIProvidence - Fall River - Warwick$27,620$21K - $37K10,6501.98%
SCAnderson$19,750$16K - $28K5600.97%
SCCharleston - North Charleston - Summerville$22,710$17K - $30K2,6300.90%
SCColumbia$22,220$17K - $32K2,8800.85%
SCFlorence$19,380$16K - $25K1,7002.13%
SCGreenville - Mauldin - Easley$21,950$17K - $28K3,5201.18%
SCMyrtle Beach - North Myrtle Beach - Conway$21,720$17K - $27K6300.57%
SCSpartanburg$20,690$16K - $27K1,3301.15%
SCSumter$21,100$17K - $28K4601.34%
SDRapid City$22,800$19K - $31K7301.23%
SDSioux Falls$24,170$20K - $31K1,7801.30%
TNChattanooga$23,310$19K - $30K3,0201.34%
TNClarksville$20,210$16K - $29K1,0501.28%
TNCleveland$21,830$17K - $29K7301.96%
TNJackson$21,590$17K - $28K5100.87%
TNJohnson City$21,800$17K - $30K1,7302.22%
TNKingsport - Bristol - Bristol$21,730$17K - $30K1,3001.12%
TNKnoxville$22,560$18K - $29K3,1900.97%
TNMemphis$23,130$18K - $30K5,1900.88%
TNMorristown$21,190$17K - $27K5701.26%
TNNashville - Davidson - Murfreesboro - Franklin$23,220$17K - $33K6,0700.81%
TXAbilene$20,840$16K - $29K1,1101.79%
TXAmarillo$22,940$18K - $31K1,2501.14%
TXAustin - Round Rock - San Marcos$22,700$18K - $30K3,5600.44%
TXBeaumont - Port Arthur$19,990$16K - $29K1,4100.89%
TXBrownsville - Harlingen$18,410$16K - $23K1,5601.24%
TXCollege Station - Bryan$20,500$16K - $25K4100.44%
TXCorpus Christi$21,540$17K - $29K1,6500.91%
TXDallas - Plano - Irving (Metro Area)$24,310$18K - $34K14,7500.70%
TXEl Paso$20,730$16K - $30K2,2300.81%
TXFort Worth - Arlington (Metro Area)$23,340$18K - $32K7,1000.81%
TXHouston - Sugar Land - Baytown$23,540$17K - $33K16,6100.63%
TXKilleen - Temple - Fort Hood$22,960$18K - $35K1,0900.85%
TXLaredo$17,880$16K - $24K1,1001.22%
TXLongview$24,780$18K - $30K2,2002.24%
TXLubbock$22,180$17K - $29K1,8401.46%
TXMcAllen - Edinburg - Mission$19,080$16K - $27K1,5400.68%
TXMidland$23,270$19K - $31K5300.69%
TXOdessa$25,510$18K - $31K3300.48%
TXSan Angelo$20,940$17K - $26K5501.23%
TXSan Antonio - New Braunfels$22,650$18K - $30K6,4400.75%
TXSherman - Denison$22,360$17K - $33K6601.61%
TXTexarkana - Texarkana$22,780$17K - $30K7601.41%
TXTyler$19,180$16K - $29K1,5401.67%
TXVictoria$20,720$16K - $28K1,1202.25%
TXWaco$23,080$17K - $40K1,2501.24%
TXWichita Falls$22,010$18K - $28K6401.15%
UTLogan$19,800$16K - $25K4200.85%
UTOgden - Clearfield$21,790$17K - $28K2,0301.03%
UTProvo - Orem$22,700$20K - $29K1,4100.79%
UTSalt Lake City$23,080$20K - $29K4,8200.78%
UTSt. George$23,130$20K - $30K5601.17%
VABlacksburg - Christiansburg - Radford$22,880$18K - $31K7201.13%
VACharlottesville$26,240$20K - $35K1,2801.33%
VADanville$20,580$16K - $34K8202.20%
VAHarrisonburg$23,290$19K - $30K8601.49%
VALynchburg$20,250$16K - $27K1,5501.60%
VARichmond$22,510$17K - $30K7,0601.18%
VARoanoke$23,040$18K - $31K2,2301.51%
VAVirginia Beach - Norfolk - Newport News$22,810$18K - $29K8,3501.17%
VAWinchester$24,100$20K - $35K6701.27%
VTBurlington - South Burlington$24,920$20K - $32K7700.67%
WABellingham$24,910$20K - $31K8401.12%
WABremerton - Silverdale$25,800$21K - $36K1,2801.63%
WAKennewick - Pasco - Richland$26,550$21K - $36K6200.64%
WALongview$23,480$20K - $36K4501.34%
WAMount Vernon - Anacortes$26,740$21K - $38K4601.09%
WAOlympia$24,680$20K - $30K5300.56%
WASeattle - Bellevue - Everett (Metro Area)$30,010$23K - $41K9,4000.67%
WASpokane$26,690$21K - $34K2,0601.05%
WATacoma (Metro Area)$28,070$21K - $38K2,3800.93%
WAWenatchee - East Wenatchee$23,350$20K - $31K4601.18%
WAYakima$22,690$20K - $28K1,0701.34%
WIAppleton$24,380$20K - $31K1,1801.02%
WIEau Claire$22,930$20K - $31K1,3801.76%
WIFond du Lac$25,810$21K - $33K7001.63%
WIGreen Bay$24,770$21K - $31K1,6801.01%
WIJanesville$22,840$19K - $29K1,0501.73%
WILa Crosse$26,490$21K - $35K1,0101.42%
WIMadison$26,200$18K - $37K3,1200.93%
WIMilwaukee - Waukesha - West Allis$25,680$21K - $35K9,5601.19%
WIOshkosh - Neenah$25,330$20K - $33K1,1601.30%
WIRacine$23,310$18K - $31K1,3901.89%
WISheboygan$23,710$19K - $30K1,1202.01%
WIWausau$25,270$20K - $31K7601.18%
WVCharleston$21,240$17K - $26K9800.68%
WVHuntington - Ashland$22,100$18K - $30K1,8501.71%
WVMorgantown$24,070$18K - $33K4900.80%
WVParkersburg - Marietta - Vienna$19,270$16K - $26K9101.35%
WVWheeling$18,940$16K - $28K9701.51%
WYCasper$28,130$22K - $36K5601.37%
WYCheyenne$27,030$18K - $36K4200.99%